New Delhi - The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday approved a number of structural and process reforms in the Telecom sector. These are expected to protect and generate employment opportunities, promote healthy competition, protect interests of consumers, infuse liquidity, encourage investment and reduce regulatory burden on Telecom Service Providers (TSPs).\n\n\n\nIn the backdrop of the outstanding performance of the Telecom Sector in meeting COVID-19 challenges, with huge surge in data consumption, online education, work from home, interpersonal connect through social media, virtual meetings etc., the Reform measures will further boost the proliferation and penetration of broadband and telecom connectivity. The Cabinet decision reinforces the Prime Minister\u2019s vision of a robust Telecom Sector.\n\n\n\nThe Union Minister for Information & Broadcasting, Youth Affairs and Sports, Anurag Singh Thakur along with the Union Minister for Railways, Communications, Electronics and Information Technology, Ashwini Vaishnaw holding a press conference on Cabinet Decisions, in New Delhi on September 15, 2021.\n\n\n\nWith competition and customer choice, antyodaya for inclusive development and bringing the marginalized areas into the mainstream and universal broadband access to connect the unconnected. The package is also expected to boost 4G proliferation, infuse liquidity and create an enabling environment for investment in 5G networks.\n\n\n\nNine structural reforms and Five procedural reforms plus relief measures for the Telecom Service Providers are as below:\n\n\n\nStructural Reforms\n\n\n\nRationalization of Adjusted Gross Revenue: Non-telecom revenue will be excluded on prospective basis from the definition of AGR.\n\n\n\nBank Guarantees (BGs) rationalized: Huge reduction in BG requirements (80%) against License Fee (LF) and other similar Levies. No requirements for multiple BGs in different Licenced Service Areas (LSAs) regions in the country. Instead, One BG will be enough.\n\n\n\nInterest rates rationalized\/ Penalties removed: From 1st October, 2021, Delayed payments of License Fee (LF)\/Spectrum Usage Charge (SUC) will attract interest rate of SBI\u2019s MCLR plus 2% instead of MCLR plus 4%; interest compounded annually instead of monthly; penalty and interest on penalty removed.\n\n\n\nFor Auctions held henceforth, no BGs will be required to secure instalment payments. Industry has matured and the past practice of BG is no longer required.\n\n\n\nSpectrum Tenure: In future Auctions, tenure of spectrum increased from 20 to 30 years.\n\n\n\nSurrender of spectrum will be permitted after 10 years for spectrum acquired in the future auctions.\n\n\n\nNo Spectrum Usage Charge (SUC) for spectrum acquired in future spectrum auctions.\n\n\n\nSpectrum sharing encouraged- additional SUC of 0.5% for spectrum sharing removed.\n\n\n\nTo encourage investment, 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) under automatic route permitted in Telecom Sector. All safeguards will apply.\n\n\n\nProcedural Reforms\n\n\n\nAuction calendar fixed - Spectrum auctions to be normally held in the last quarter of every financial year.\n\n\n\nEase of doing business promoted - cumbersome requirement of licenses under 1953 Customs Notification for wireless equipment removed. Replaced with self-declaration.\n\n\n\nKnow Your Customers (KYC) reforms: Self-KYC (App based) permitted. E-KYC rate revised to only One Rupee. Shifting from Prepaid to Post-paid and vice-versa will not require fresh KYC.\n\n\n\nPaper Customer Acquisition Forms (CAF) will be replaced by digital storage of data. Nearly 300-400 crore paper CAFs lying in various warehouses of TSPs will not be required. Warehouse audit of CAF will not be required.\n\n\n\nSACFA clearance for telecom towers eased. DOT will accept data on a portal based on self-declaration basis. Portals of other Agencies (such as Civil Aviation) will be linked with DOT Portal.\n\n\n\nAddressing Liquidity requirements of Telecom Service Providers, the Cabinet approved the following for all the Telecom Service Providers (TSPs):\n\n\n\nMoratorium\/Deferment of upto four years in annual payments of dues arising out of the AGR judgement, with however, by protecting the Net Present Value (NPV) of the due amounts being protected.\n\n\n\nMoratorium\/Deferment on due payments of spectrum purchased in past auctions (excluding the auction of 2021) for up to four years with NPV protected at the interest rate stipulated in the respective auctions.\n\n\n\nOption to the TSPs to pay the interest amount arising due to the said deferment of payment by way of equity.\n\n\n\nAt the option of the Government, to convert the due amount pertaining to the said deferred payment by way of equity at the end of the Moratorium\/Deferment period, guidelines for which will be finalized by the Ministry of Finance. The above will be applicable for all TSPs and will provide relief by easing liquidity and cash flow. This will also help various banks having substantial exposure to the Telecom sector.